Mister LNT: An advocacy for responsible mountaineering through the Leave No Trace principles
An advocacy for responsible mountaineering
in the Philippines through the Leave No Trace* principles

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Leave No Trace

Seven Principles of Outdoor Ethics


Responsible mountaineers and outdoor enthusiasts do not only know and understand the Leave No Trace Seven Principles. They practice them. 


1. Plan ahead and prepare
2. Travel and camp on durable surfaces
3. Dispose of waste properly
4. Leave what you find
5. Minimize campfire impacts
6. Respect wildlife
7. Be considerate of other visitors







  • Know the regulations and special concerns for the area you will visit.
  • Prepare for extreme weather, hazards, and emergencies.
  • Schedule your trip to avoid times of high use.
  • Visit in small groups when possible. Consider splitting larger groups into smaller groups.
  • Repackage food to minimize waste.
  • Use a map and compass to eliminate the use of marking paint, rock cairns or flagging.


Additional details by Mister LNT (For Philippine context)

  • Make sure all climbers are mentally and physically prepared
  • Have an itinerary complete with a contact person and a list of all climbers with their contacts in case of emergency
  • Secure a guide if unfamiliar with or first time in the area
  • Let people at home know where you are going
  • Make it a habit to register with the barangay for monitoring
  • No to mass climbing/freedom climbs. Go for Ideal Max: 14. What's this?





  • Durable surfaces include established trails and campsites, rock, gravel, dry grasses or snow.
  • Protect riparian areas by camping at least 200 feet from lakes and streams.
  • Good campsites are found, not made. Altering a site is not necessary.
    • In popular areas:
      • Concentrate use on existing trails and campsites.
      • Walk single file in the middle of the trail, even when wet or muddy.
      • Keep campsites small. Focus activity in areas where vegetation is absent.
    • In pristine areas:
      • Disperse use to prevent the creation of campsites and trails.
      • Avoid places where impacts are just beginning.


Additional details by Mister LNT (For Philippine context)

  • Do not create new trails and campsites when existing ones are available.





  • Pack it in, pack it out. Inspect your campsite and rest areas for trash or spilled foods. Pack out all trash, leftover food and litter.
  • Deposit solid human waste in catholes dug six (6) to eight (8) inches deep at least 200 feet (60 meters) from water, camp and trails. Cover and disguise the cathole when finished.
  • Pack out toilet paper and hygiene products.
  • To wash yourself or your dishes, carry water 200 feet (60 meters) away from streams or lakes and use small amounts of biodegradable soap. Scatter strained dishwater.


Additional details by Mister LNT (For Philippine context)

  • There is no such thing as group trash. Each must have his/her own trash bag.
  • To-go mantra: clean as you go. Example, when cooking, have a garbage bag on your side and immediately shoot the trash you generate into the bag.
  • Candy wrappers may be small but they become an eyesore when they litter the trails. Do not throw your candy wrappers on and along the trails.
  • Maliit na basusra ibulsa mo.





  • Preserve the past: examine/observe, but do not touch cultural or historic structures and artifacts.
  • Leave rocks, plants and other natural objects as you find them.
  • Avoid introducing or transporting non-native species.
  • Do not build structures, furniture, or dig trenches.


Additional details by Mister LNT (For Philippine context)

  • Avoid vandalizing the areas you visit, like carving your names or your group's name on structures and natural objects such as stones/rocks
  • Never rearrange stones/rocks and others natural objects
  • Leave gates/barriers (open or close) as you find them
  • Huwag mo ninukin ang hindi iyo.





  • Campfires can cause lasting impacts to the environment/backcountry. Use a light-weight stove for cooking and enjoy a candle lantern for light.
  • Where fires are permitted, use established fire rings, fire pans, or mound fires.
  • Keep fire small. Use only sticks from the ground that can be broken by hand.
  • Burn all wood and coals to ash, put out campfires completely, then scatter cool ashes.


Additional details by Mister LNT (For Philippine context)

  • No to bonfire





  • Observe wildlife from a distance. Do not follow or approach them.
  • Never feed animals. Feeding wildlife damages their health, alters natural behavior, and exposes them to predators and other dangers.
  • Protect wildlife and your food by storing rations and trash securely.
  • Control pets at all times, or leave them at home.
  • Avoid wildlife during sensitive times: mating, nesting, raising young, or winter.


Additional details by Mister LNT (For Philippine context)

  • Do not carve your name/s or your group's name on tree trunk. Gone are the days when you had to scribble "I was here" on trees.
  • Do not pick flowers and/or fruits.
  • Do not pluck off leaves for any purpose.
  • Avoid cutting tree branches along the trail.
  • Do not feed/capture animals.





  • Respect other visitors and protect the quality of their experience.
  • Be courteous. Yield to other users on the trail.
  • Step to the downhill side of the trail when encountering pack stock.
  • Take breaks and camps away from trails and other visitors.
  • Let nature's sounds prevail. Avoid loud voices and noises.


Additional details by Mister LNT (For Philippine context)

  • Basic trail movement: Give way to those going downhill. But this may not apply at all times depending on specific situation.



The member-driven Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics teaches people how to enjoy the outdoors responsibly. This copyrighted information has been reprinted with permission from the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics: www.lnt.org




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